indian jewellery

Chuda

Chuda

Chuda:

Chuda is the set of red and ivory bangles worn by the bride especially in North Indian weddings.

Usage

  • A set of 21 bangles are worn on each hand of the bride.
  • It is a custom to wear the chuda for at least 40 days post wedding, and on the 40th day the groom would remove them for her.
  • Chuda signifies that the girl is newly married.
  • Chuda comes with lot of blessings and is believed to bring good luck in terms of fertility and prosperity into the lives of newly wedded couple.
  • Chuda is different from other bangles, as it just can’t be worn by anyone. Only the newly wedded bride can wear it in the initial days post-wedding.

When does it happen?
This ceremony takes place in the morning of the wedding day.

How to source?
It can be purchased in fancy shops and can be ordered online too for a particular size.

How is it performed?
Chudas are soaked in buttermilk overnight. The ritual starts with a havan that is conducted by a pundit. The girl’s parents and her maternal aunt and uncle (oldest available) usually fast throughout the day or till the completion of the chuda ceremony.
Post havan, chuda are blessed by all the family members and guests present during this ritual. Once everyone touches and conveys their good luck to the bangles, the girl gets to wear them through her uncle.

ChudaImage Courtesy: Jalaj Panth Photography

In addition, she gets gifts like lehenga from him, which she wears during the wedding. During the ceremony, the bride’s friends and cousins sing and dance around her.

Fresh flowers are showered on the bride and sweets are distributed amongst all to commemorate the beginning of all the wedding rituals.

Trivia
Traditionally, the chuda would be worn for one year post wedding, though it can be worn for lesser duration depending on the family’s tradition.

Toe Rings

Toe Rings

Toe Rings:

Part of the Solah Shringar or the Sixteen Adornments of the Bride, Toe Rings are Traditional Ornaments worn by the Indian Women on the Second Toe of both feet and symbolizes that a woman is married.

Also Called

Bichiya in Hindi, Jodavi in Marathi, Mettelu in Telugu, Metti in Tamil, Kaalungura in Kannada.

When is it worn?

Women start wearing them on the Wedding Day and for the rest of their married life.

What are they made from?

Mostly made of Silver or any other metal. Gold & Diamonds are avoided as it is considered inauspicious to wear them on the feet.

Where would you find them?

Usually available in Jewellery shops or Fancy Stores

Trivia

The usage of this ornament dates back to the prehistoric times with mention of it in the epics such as Ramayana and the Mahabharata.

In the Tamil & Telugu communities, the Groom fits the toe-rings for the Bride while her feet are placed on a Stone. Whereas in Kannadiga community, it is the Maternal Uncle of the Bride who fits them for the Bride.

Sthaalipaakam

Image Courtesy: Pranav’s Photography

However, in most North Indian communities, the Bride wears them on even before she enters the Mandap.

Toe Rings could come in sets as well, and may have up to 4 rings for the first four toes.

Minji

Image Courtesy: Arjuns Tryst with the camera