The term Mangalsutra is derived from two words, Mangal meaning auspicious and Sutra meaning thread. The Mangalsutra denotes the mark of Marriage for any woman. It is Strongly believed to be the indivisible attachment between the wife and the husband.

Also Called

In Northern India, people call it the Mangalsutra.  Down south, the ‘thaali’, ‘pustelu’ or ‘Nallapoosalu’, ‘minnu’ etc. is used for a similar purpose.

When is it used?

‘On the wedding day, the bride’s father puts a ring on the boy’s finger and then gives his daughter to the boy. This ritual is known as the Kanyaadaan. After kanyadaan, the pheras begin. The agni is encircled seven times by the couple. After this the groom applies Sindoor (vermilion) to the girl’s hair partition and the Mangalsutra ritual takes place where the groom ties the mangalsutra to the girl’s neck.

On the Wedding day, the groom wears it to the bride’s neck. That is just the first time.  Most women wear them throughout their lives, while some wear them only to grace  occasions and festivals like Diwali, Theej etc.

What are they made from?

The Mangalsutra basically comprises of the kantha-mani and a few gold beads. The black bead is popularly known as kantha-mani. The two strands of black beads of mangalsutra symbolise Shiva and Shakti. The length of the mangalsutra should reach the centre of the chest  or Anahat-chakra. There could be a small pendant right in the center of the Mangalsutra. It could be made of Gold embellished with diamonds or other precious stones.

Where would you find them?

Available in all Jewellery shops and fancy Stores.


According to the Indian scriptures and traditions, the sacred mangalsutra binds the lives of husband and wife. While wearing it, the woman is enhancing the happiness and comfort of her husband and family. The marriage is said to be protected from all evil, if the wife wears the mangalsutra with trust and dedication. Gujaratis and Marwaris use a diamond pendant. Maharashtrians wear a pendant of one or two vatis which is very similar to that of the Kannadigas. The Bengali, Oriya and Assamese don’t have the custom of Mangalsutra.